According to local legends, it is on the
site of the MonRepos Park that the Karelian settlement preceding
the town of Vyborg was situated. In the 16th century, during
the times of the Swedish rule, a cattle yard Lill-Ladugard,
belonging to the farmland of the Vyborg Castle, was arranged
here, on Slotsholmen (now Tverdysh) island, and in the 17th-early
18th centuries plots were rented out to well-to-do Vyborg
citizens and officials of the Swedish administration.
After Vyborg had been incorporated to the
Russian Empire, the neighbourhood was managed by the Castle's
commandants, Petr Stupishin being the last of them. In 1770
Stupishin arranged his country estate here and laid out a
park which he called Charlottendol. Following his instructions,
the fertile land was brought here, land-improvement carried
out, a wooden house and greenhouses were built and fruit and
broad-leaved trees planted.
The Vyborg governor Prince Friedrich Wilhelm
Karl of Wurtemberg - a brother of Grand Duchess Maria Fiodorovna,
the wife of future Emperor Paul I, was the next owner of the
estate. It was he that renamed the place MonRepos.
The park and estate became Europe-famed
thanks to the Barons von Nikolai who owned the estate for
almost two centuries and put enormous effort into its reconstruction.
The park flourishing peaked in the early 19th century when
Romantic style was prevailing in European and Russian cultures.
The landscape composition of the park was developed according
to the aesthetic concept of Ludwig Heinrich von Nikolai -
a writer and connoisseur of art. His only son Paul has continued
to realize his father's ideas. Their descendants did not make
considerable changes in the MonRepos ensemble but diligently
looked after the park and estate.
Fortunately, the park did not suffer a lot
in the course of the two wars of the 20th century - Winter
War and World War II. In the 40-ies the park was renamed the
Park of Culture and Rest after M.Kalinin. A sanatorium of
the Military Academy of Communication and a kindergarten were
housed in the estate; the Detached Library became a block